Rural Transport In India
This study highlights the various aspects of rural transport particularly the Bullock cart transport. It analyses the significance of rural transport and transport needs in rural areas. It also emphasised the role of bullock cart in mandis, stands and sugar factoreis. In spite of technological advancement and existence of mechanised transport, the role of bullock cart could not be completely abandoned from the rural set-up of our country because this mode of transport is not competitive but complementary to other systems. But the conventional carts need to be modernised immediately. The present study stresses the need and importance of modernising the traditional carts with pneumatic tyre, brake system etc. A lot of recommendations and constructive suggestions have been made in this book. If they are sincerely followed and implemented, the role played by bullock carts in our rural areas will prove better and more effective. Investment-wise and traffic-wise this mode of transport acquires precedence even over railways and mechanised road transport. It is not an exaggeration to say that 15 million bullock carts in our country provide employment to an estimated 20 million people accounting for two-thirds of rural India?s transportation needs. A Rs. 3000 crores investment rests on the shoulders of the bullocks of our country. Unlike many traditional aspects of Indian life, the bullock cart successfully survived even the massive onslaught of technology. Such a pivotal role is played by bullock carts in the country?s rural areas. One noteworthy feature of our country?s economy is that it has both the fast moving supersonic jets as well as the slow moving bullock carts. So long as our village roads are not improved and made fit for mechanised transport, the role played by bullock carts will continue. Even if the rural roads are improved, our Indian farmers cannot abandon this small mode of transport, because he thinks that the bullock cart, which is slow is more sue and dependable and also handy to take his small loads wherever and whenever he wants.
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