Maharashtra, literally meaning ‘Great State’ is situated on the western sea coast of India. Geographically, with extensive beaches, forested hills of Western Ghats and extensive rich agricultural lands, Maharashtra is known among the most industrialized and advanced states of India. With commercial capital of the nation — Mumbai—and centre of Indian film industry —“Bollywood”—Maharashra’s hall of eminence is dominated by Shivaji the Great Maratha. Maharashtra has produced great statesmen, scientists and business tycoons. The present book tries to explore Maharashtra from the early days to the present covering all vital aspects from history, culture, society, economy to polity and governance. Supported by facts and figures, this endeavour will prove a vade mecum to academics as well as general readers.