The present book is the first comprehensive account of the economic history of Orissa from 1866 to 1912. It presents a systematic analysis of the Orissa famine of 1866 and the economic changes that occurred in the post-famine period. It was during this period that the economic development of Orissa was ushered in. This pioneering work provides an indepth study of the extreme poverty of the people of Orissa during the British rule. The book will prove a valuable source material for all scholars of History, Economics, Political Science and Sociology.