The study highlights the sooty institution of slavery that remained a crying wound in the body politics of Kerala from the early dark days to the present. It also surveys the extent to which social and economic justice has permeated the lowest strata of the people in Kerala. The changes brought about by the emancipatory movement are dealt with in detail. Utilising rare and unpublished records preserved in the Kerala State Architecture, Tamil Nadu Archives, Kerala Legislature Library etc. an assessment has been made of the social setup of Kerala. Slavery in Kerala is a study of a phase of Kerala?s socio-economic history. Vividly portrayed in the story of the existence of slavery and the humanitarian efforts of the Christian Missionaries and the British administrators to abolish it. The problem of slavery from a social point of view is analysed against the historical background in which slavery originated and survived till the beginning of the 19th century.