Education in Arunachal Pradesh Since 1947
The system of formal education made the beginning in the tribal state of Arunachal Pradesh in 1947 with the appointment of Mrs. Indira Miri as the first Education Officer at Sadiya. Within the short span of a little more than 50 Years the progress is satisfactory with 54.3% literacy when It is compared with many states of India. However, the progress is not linear; a cursory look point to gender and regional gaps and low accessing rate to higher and technical education. The education scenario is an expression of success and constraints, initiatives and limitations. The present volume thematically deals with constraints, opportunities, initiatives, achievements and changing needs of education in the tribal state of Arunachal Pradesh after 1947 consequent upon the introduction of the planned approach to development of tribal people. Naturally, the range of issues taken up for discussion in the book is wide and diverse and includes policies and programmes with their shifting focus; organization, administration and management of school and higher education; identification of strenght and weakness for a better planning and strategy fomulation and many other such issues. The understanding of "development through culture" lies in the background of discussion of the issues. The study, no doubt, is historical in approach and interdisciplinary in perspective. The author being an academic administrator, and having been a participant in the process of educational development, the study makes a balance between emic-ettic perspectives and bears empirical significance with theoretical underpinnings. No doubt, the book will come handy among the students of education, tribal studies, history, development studies and among the planners and bureaucrats as well to understand the issues of development in general and of education in particular in tribal societies.
Joram Begi (b. 1956), M.A. in History from Gauhati University, B.Ed. From Dibrugarh University and Ph.D. from Rajiv Gandhi University is a scholar administrator with diverse social interests. He is an indigenous intellectual, a social worker and promoter of culture and cultural values among the tribal communities in Arunachal Pradesh in general and in his Nyishi commuity in particular. He is associated with many national and regional organizations like Vivekananda Kendra, ltihas Sankalan Samiti (Arunachal Chapter), Donyi-Polo Study Circle, Abotani Literary Mission, Indigenous Faiths and Cultural Society of Arunachal Pradesh, etc. in various capacity. He was also a member of Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi, North-East Zonal Cultural Centre, Dimapur and founder President of Nyishi Elite Society, the apex body of the community. Begi is an eloquent public speaker and a good seminarian. His analytical presentation, clarity of thought and simplicity in style have made him popular among the commoners and the scholars alike. He has contributed a lot on development issues of the state. To his credit he has more than 10 papers on culture, education and social issues and an edited volume entitled Itanagar. A Profile. His career as an academic administrator began as Principal in 1980 at Dera Natung Govt. College (formerly Government College) Itanagar. He held the post of Register in Rajiv Gandhi University for two terms from 1991 to 2002 and is now the Director of Higher and Technical Education, Government of Arunachal Pradesh, Itanagar. His efforts of quality assurance in higher and technical education have made him Chairman of NAAC Peers Team three times. Presently, he has two main interests: accessing quality higher and technical education to interior places and protection and promotion of cultural heritage of people. His academic interest is embedded in the above two commitments.
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