Like most problems in India, child labour emerges out of the prevalent socio-economic conditions. But whatsoever might be the reasons leading to the children seeking employment, it is apparent that these tender beings generally work under conditions detrimental to their health, welfare and development. Most of these chidren are deprived of even schooling opportunities. However, this social evil has attracted, over the years, the attention of the Government, academicians, trade unions and a number of welfare and social organizations. The present work is a compendium to the wealth of literature on this vital issue of society. It is hoped that the same will be well received in various academic circles.